As with any breed of dog, perfection is impossible. UKCSV strives for the correct standards through breeding of health & bonitation approved dogs only. The guide presented here is the standard set by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1999, generously translated by Mrs. C. Seidler.
EN FCI-Standard N° 332
GENERAL APPEARANCE - Firm type in constitution. Above average size with rectangular frame. In body shape, movement, coat texture, colour of coat and mask, similar to the wolf.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS (ratios)
Length of body : Height at withers = 10 : 9 Length of muzzle : Length of cranial region = 1 : 1.5
- Bitches at least 60cm
- Dogs at least 65cm
- Bitches at least 20kg
- Dogs at least 26kg
HAIR - Straight and close. Winter and summer coat differ greatly. In winter an immense undercoat is predominant and, together with the topcoat, forms a thick coat all over the body. It is necessary for the hair to cover the belly, the inside of the upper thigh, the scrotum, the inner part of the ear and the area between the toes. Well coated neck.
COLOUR - Yellowish-gray to silver-gray with a charateristic light mask. Light hair also on the underside of the neck and the forechest. Dark gray colour with light mask is permissible.
SKIN - Elastic, tight, without wrinkles, unpigmented.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT - Lively, very active, capable of endurance, docile with quick reactions. Fearless and courageous. Suspicious. Shows tremendous loyalty towards his master. Resistant to weather conditions. Versatile in his uses.
GAIT & MOVEMENT - Harmonious, light-footed, ground covering trot in which the limbs skim over the ground as closely as possible. Head and neck incline to the horizontal. Pacing when walking.
(CONFORMATION - The specific skeletal & muscular traits desired in a breed)
HEAD - Symmetrical, well muscled. Seen from the side and from above, it forms a blunt wedge. Sex should be unmistakable.
SKULL - seen from the side and from the front, the forehead is slightly arched. No marked frontal furrow. Occipital bone clearly visible.
STOP - moderate.
NOSE - oval shape, black.
MUZZLE - clean, not broad, straight bridge of nose.
LIPS - tight fitting. No gap at corner of mouth. Rims of lips are black.
JAWS & TEETH - Jaws strong & symmetrical. Well developed teeth, especially the canines. Scissor or pincer bite with 42 teeth according to the usual tooth set. Regular teeth set.
CHEEKS - Clean, sufficiently muscled, not markedly protruding.
EYES - Small, slanting, amber coloured. Well fitting lids.
EARS - Pricked, thin, triangular, short (i.e. not longer than 1/6th of the height at withers). The lateral point of the set on of the ears and the outer corner of the eyes are in a direct line. A vertical line from tip of ear would run close along the head.
NECK - Dry, well muscled. In repose forms an angle of up to 40 degrees to the horizontal. The neck must be sufficiently long for the nose to touch the ground effortlessly.
BODY - Topline / Flowing transition from neck to body. Sloping away slightly.
WITHERS - Well muscled, pronounced. Though pronounced, they must not interrupt the flow of the topline.
BACK - Firm and straight.
LOINS - Short, well muscled, not broad, sloping slightly.
CROUP - Short, well muscled, not broad, falling away slightly.
CHEST - Symmetrical, well muscled, roomy, pear-shaped and narrowing towards the sternum. The depth of chest does not reach to the elbows. The point of the sternum does not extend beyond the shoulder joints.
UNDERLINE & BELLY - Taut bellly, tucked up. Slightly hollow in flanks.
TAIL - Set on high, hanging straight down. When dog is excited, generally raised in sickle shape.
GENERAL - front legs are straight, strong, clean and close together with slightly turned out feet.
SHOULDER - shoulder blade is placed rather far forward, well muscled. It forms an angle of nearly 65 degrees to the horizontal.
UPPER - Strongly muscled, forms an angle of 120 to 130 degrees to the shoulder blade.
ELBOW - Close fitting, turned neither in nor out, well defined, flexible. Upper arm and forearm form an angle of approximately 150 degrees.
FOREARM - Long, clean and straight. The length of the forearm and pastern is 55% of height at withers.
PASTERN JOINT - Solid, flexible.
PASTERN - Long, forms an angle of at least 75 degrees to the ground. Lightly springy in movement.
FORE FEET - Large, turned slightly outwards. Longish arched toes and strong, dark nails. Well defined, elastic, dark pads.
GENERAL - Powerful. The hind legs stand parallel. An imaginary vertical line drawn from the point of the ischium, would run midway through the hock joint. The dewclaws are undesirable and must be eliminated.
UPPER THIGH - Long, well muscled. Forms an angle of 80 degrees to the pelvis. The hip joint is sturdy and flexible.
STIFLE - Strong and flexible.
LOWER THIGH - Long, clean, well muscled. Forms an angle of about 130 degrees with the hock.
HOCK JOINT - Clean, solid, flexible.
HOCK - Long, clean. Position almost vertical to the ground.
HIND FEET - Longish, arched toes with strong dark nails.
To ensure robust health, every breeder should ensure parents are health tested & make results available for the following -
DM : Degenerative Myelopathy
DW : Pituitary Dwarfism
PRA : Progressive Retinal Atrophy
HC : Hereditary Cataracts
HIPS : Hip Dysplasia
ELBOW : Elbow Dysplasia
SAS : Heart Testing (recommended)
Essentially bonitation is the evaluation of dogs presented to assess their proximity to the correct breed standard for - conformation, movement, temperament & suitability for the continuation & improvement in the breeds future.
We are proud to have hosted the UK's first bonitation seminar in 2018, further information can be found in our events page.